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“Wrong—the ‘butterfly!'”

“Wrong—the rigid clench”

– Ray Martin & Rosser Reeves, The 99 Critical Shots in Pool



Lay the cue over the rail . . . Now, drop your right foot back until the toe is about in the middle of your left foot, at the same time turning the toe of your right foot slightly to the right (roughly 30º).  Now bend forward at the hips, which means bending your left leg—but keep your right leg straight.  As you bend and shift the center of gravity forward, you will find that to be comfortable you will also be turning your left foot slightly to the right.  You are now bending forward with your weight evenly distributed on both feet, and you can lean forward into the stroke.

As you lean forward, however, keep your weight on both feet.  If you shift it too much to the front leg, which is bent, then big muscles must support you.  If you shift too much to the back leg, you will feel a strain coming straight up into the pelvis.  On both feet, however, you are in an easy and solid position.

– Ray Martin & Rosser Reeves, The 99 Critical Shots in Pool

Face the shot.  Before you even bend over to shoot, there is a line up of three points—the chin, the cue ball and the exact place you want the cue ball to go.  Turn your body slightly to the right without your chin is leaving the point of line up [sic].  Bend over at the waist, put your bridge hand down 7 to 10 inches from the cue ball so that your chin is 2 to 8 inches directly above the cue stick.  Adjust your feet to distribute your body weight approximately 50/50 . . . A generally accepted stance when you are in your shooting position is to have the tip of the right toe directly under the line of the cue and the left toe slightly to the left side of the line of the cue.  This should allow a 4 to 6 inch gap between the hip and the cue for freedom of movement.

A common mistake made by beginners in their shooting position is to have the shoulders and chest facing the cue ball.  A preferred technique is to turn the left shoulder out in front and the right shoulder back thus turning the chest more to the right.  This makes a better body alignment . . .

– BCA, Billiards: The official Rules and Records Book